Research and Development Laboratory

R&D Lab Publications from 2009 - Present

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Book and Book chapter

Budowle, B., Schutzer, S.E., Breeze, R., Keim, P.S., and Morse, S.A. (eds.): Microbial Forensics, Second Edition, Academic Press, Amsterdam, 2011.

Budowle, B. and Williamson, P.C.: Microbial forensics - a scientific discipline for response to bioterrorism and biocrime. Jamieson A. and Moenssens A., eds., Wiley Encyclopedia of Forensic Science, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, UK, 2011, DOI: 10.1002/9780470061589.fsa1031.

Jianye Ge, DNA based kinship analysis and missing person identification, Forensic Science, Nova Publishers, 2011


Select Publications

2014

Ambers, Angie, Harrell Gill-King, Dennis Dirkmaat, Robert Benjamin, Jonathan King, and Bruce Budowle. "Autosomal and Y-STR analysis of degraded DNA from the 120-year-old skeletal remains of Ezekiel Harper."Forensic Science International: Genetics 9 (2014): 33-41.

Seo, Seung Bum, et al. "Reduction of stutter ratios in short tandem repeat loci typing of low copy number DNA samples." Forensic Science International: Genetics 8.1 (2014): 213-218.

Ge, J. and Budowle, B.: Modeling one complete versus triplicate analyses in Low Template DNA typing. Int. J. Leg. Med. (in press).

Flores, S.K., Sun, J., King, J., and Budowle, B.: Validation of the GlobalFiler™ Express PCR Amplification Kit for the direct amplification of single-source DNA samples on a high-throughput automated workflow. Forens. Sci. Int. Genet. (in press).


2013

Budowle, B., Schmedes, S., and Murch, R.S. (2013) The microbial forensics pathway for use of massively parallel sequencing technologies. The science and applications of microbial genomics. Institute of Medicine, Washington, DC, The National Academies Press.  

Seo, Seung Bum, et al. "Single nucleotide polymorphism typing with massively parallel sequencing for human identification." International journal of legal medicine (2013): 1-8.

Jin, Hong Xuan, Seung Bum Seo, Hye Young Lee, Sohee Cho, Jianye Ge, Jonathan King, Bruce Budowle, and Soong Deok Lee. "Differences of PCR efficiency between two-step PCR and standard three-step PCR protocols in short tandem repeat amplification." Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences ahead-of-print (2013): 1-11.

Budowle, B., D. H. Warshauer, S. B. Seo, J. L. King, C. Davis, and B. LaRue. "Deep Sequencing Provides Comprehensive Multiplex Capabilities." Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series 4, no. 1 (2013): e334-e335.

Seo, Seung Bum, Hong Xuan Jin, Hye Young Lee, Jianye Ge, Jonathan L. King, Sung Hee Lyoo, Dong Hoon Shin, and Soong Deok Lee. "Improvement of short tandem repeat analysis of samples highly contaminated by humic acid." Journal of forensic and legal medicine 20, no. 7 (2013): 922-928.

Budowle, B.: Editors’ Pick: ENCODE and its first impractical application. BMC Investigative Genetics 4(4), 2013.

Alenizi, M., Ge, J., Ismael, S., Alenezi, H., AlAwadhi, A., AlDuaij, W., AlSaleh, B., Ghulloom, Z., and Budowle, B.: Population genetic analyses of the 15 STR loci of seven forensically-relevant populations residing in Kuwait. Forens. Sci. Int. Genet. 7(4):e106-107, 2013.

Warshauer, D.H.; Lin, D., Hari, K., Jain, R., Davis, C., LaRue, B., King, J., and Budowle, B.: STRait Razor: A length-based forensic STR allele-calling tool for use with second generation sequencing data. Forens. Sci. Int. Genet. 7:409–417, 2013.

Budowle, B., Warshauer, D.H., Seo, S.B., King, J.L., Davis, C., and LaRue, B.: Massively parallel sequencing provides comprehensive multiplex capabilities. Forensic Sci. Int.: Genetics Supplement Series 4:e334–e335, 2013.

LaRue, B.L., Lagacé, R., Chang, C., Holt, A., Hennessy, L., Ge, J., King, J.L., Chakraborty, R., and Budowle, B.: Characterization of 114 insertion/deletion (INDEL) polymorphisms, and selection of a global INDEL panel for human identification. Leg. Med. 16(1):26-32, 2014.

Budowle, B.: Editors' pick: re-'colon'-ization of healthy microbiota after recurrent C. difficile infection. Invest. Genet. 4(1):28, 2013.

Kayser, M., Sajantila, A., and Budowle, B.: A tribute to DNA fingerprinting. 4(1):19, 2013.


2012

LaRue, B.L., King, J.L., and Budowle, B.: A validation Study of the Nucleix DSI-Semen Kit - a Methylation-Based Assay for Semen Identification. Int. J. Leg. Med. 127(2):299-308, 2013.

Keating, B., Bansal, A.T., Walsh, S., Millman, J., Newman, J., Kidd, K., Budowle, B., Eisenberg, A., Donfack, J., Gasparini, P., Budimlija, Z., Henders, A.K., Chandrupatla, H., Duffy, D.L., Gordon, S.D., Hysi, P., Liu, F., Medland, S.E., Rubin, L., Martin, N.G., Spector, T.D., and Kayser M.: First all-in-one inference tool for DNA forensics: parallel genome-wide inference of bio-geographic ancestry, appearance, relatedness and gender with Identitas forensic chip. Int. J. Leg. Med. 127(3):559-572, 2013.

Marshall, P. L., King, J. L., Lawrence, N. P., Lazarev, A., Gross, V. S., & Budowle, B. (2012). Pressure cycling technology (PCT) reduces effects of inhibitors of the PCR.International journal of legal medicine, 1-13.

Schmedes, S., Marshall, P., King, J.L., and Budowle, B. (2012) Effective removal of co-purified inhibitors from extracted DNA samples using synchronous coefficient of drag alteration (SCODA) technology. Int J Legal Med 127:749-755.

Budowle B, Ge J, Chakraborty R, Gill-King H. Response to: Use of prior odds for missing persons identifications - authors' reply. Investig Genet. 2012 Feb 1;3(1):3.

Ge J, Eisenberg A, Budowle B. Developing criteria and data to determine best options for expanding the core CODIS loci. Investig Genet. 2012 Jan 6;3:1.

Lee SB, Clabaugh KC, Silva B, Odigie KO, Coble MD, Loreille O, Scheible M, Fourney RM, Stevens J, Carmody GR, Parsons TJ, Pozder A, Eisenberg AJ, Budowle B, Ahmad T, Miller RW, Crouse CA. Assessing a novel room temperature DNA storage medium for forensic biological samples. Forensic Sci Int Genet. 2012 Jan;6(1):31-40. Epub 2011 Feb 15.

Davis CP, King JL, Budowle B, Eisenberg AJ, Turnbough MA. Extraction platform evaluations: a comparison of AutoMate Express?, EZ1? Advanced XL, and Maxwell? 16 Bench-top DNA extraction systems. Leg Med (Tokyo). 2012 Jan;14(1):36-9. Epub 2011 Dec 17.

Alvarez-Cubero MJ, Saiz M, Martinez-Gonzalez LJ, Alvarez JC, Eisenberg AJ, Budowle B, Lorente JA. Genetic identification of missing persons: DNA analysis of human remains and compromised samples. Pathobiology. 2012;79(5):228-38. Epub 2012 Jun 21.

Ge J, Budowle B. Kinship index variations among populations and thresholds for familial searching. PLoS One. 2012;7(5):e37474. Epub 2012 May 16.

Myers BA, King JL, Budowle B. Evaluation and comparative analysis of direct amplification of STRs using PowerPlex 18D and Identifiler Direct systems. Forensic Sci Int Genet. 2012 Sep;6(5):640-5. Epub 2012 Mar 8.

Planz JV, Sannes-Lowery KA, Duncan DD, Manalili S, Budowle B, Chakraborty R, Hofstadler SA, Hall TA. Automated analysis of sequence polymorphism in STR alleles by PCR and direct electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Forensic Sci Int Genet. 2012 Sep;6(5):594-606. Epub 2012 Mar 8.

Li B, Ge J, Wu F, Ye L, Budowle B, Chen Y. Population genetic analyses of the STR loci of the AmpFlSTR NGM SElect? kit for Han population in Fujian Province, China. Int J Legal Med. 2012 Jul 22. [Epub ahead of print]

Warshauer DH, King J, Eisenberg AJ, Budowle B. Validation of the PLEX-ID(TM) mass spectrometry mitochondrial DNA assay. Int J Legal Med. 2012 Jul 21. [Epub ahead of print]

Warshauer DH, Marshall P, Kelley S, King J, Budowle B. An evaluation of the transfer of saliva-derived DNA. Int J Legal Med. 2012 Jul 15. [Epub ahead of print]

Davis C, Ge J, King J, Malik N, Weirich V, Eisenberg AJ, Budowle B. Variants observed for STR locus SE33: a concordance study. Forensic Sci Int Genet. 2012 Jul;6(4):494-7. Epub 2011 Dec 30.

Li L, Ge J, Zhang S, Guo J, Zhao S, Li C, Tang H, Davis C, Budowle B, Hou Y, Liu Y. Maternity exclusion with a very high autosomal STRs kinship index. Int J Legal Med. 2012 Jul;126(4):645-8. Epub 2012 Mar 27.

Larue BL, Ge J, King JL, Budowle B. A validation study of the Qiagen Investigator DIPplex? kit; an INDEL-based assay for human identification. Int J Legal Med. 2012 Jul;126(4):533-40. Epub 2012 Jan 15.

Davis C, Ge J, Sprecher C, Chidambaram A, Thompson J, Ewing M, Fulmer P, Rabbach D, Storts D, Budowle B. Prototype PowerPlex(?) Y23 System: A concordance study. Forensic Sci Int Genet. 2012 Jun 29.

Davis C, Illescas M, Tirado C, Lopez R, Budowle B, Cruz TD. A Case of Amelogenin Y-null: A simple primer binding site mutation or unusual genetic anomaly? Leg Med (Tokyo). 2012 Jun 19.

Budowle B. Editors' Pick: Normal aging versus Alzheimer's disease - expression patterns may discern the differences. Investig Genet. 2012 May 18;3(1):11.

Yuan L, Ge J, Lu D, Yang X. Population data of 21 non-CODIS STR loci in Han population of northern China. Int J Legal Med. 2012 Jul;126(4):659-64. Epub 2012 Jan 13.

Oh CS, Lee SJ, Park JB, Lee SD, Seo SB, Kim HY, Kim J, Kim YS, Shin DH. Autosomal Short Tandem Repeat Analysis of Ancient DNA by Coupled Use of Mini- and Conventional STR Kits. J Forensic Sci. 2012 May;57(3):820-5.

Zhang AH, Lee HY, Seo SB, Lee HJ, Jin HX, Cho SH, Lyoo SH, Kim KH, Lee JW, Lee SD. Y Haplogroup Distribution in Korean and Other Populations. Kor J Legal Med. 2012 May;36(1):34-44.


2011

Ge, J., Yan, J., Budowle, B., Chakraborty, R.,and Eisenberg, A.: Issues on China forensic DNA database. Chinese Journal of Forensic Medicine, 2011, 26(3): 252-255.

Tate CM, Nu?ez AN, Goldstein CA, Gomes I, Robertson JM, Kavlick MF, Budowle B. Evaluation of circular DNA substrates for whole genome amplification prior to forensic analysis. Forensic Sci Int Genet. 2012 Mar;6(2):185-90. Epub 2011 May 12.

Frumkin D, Wasserstrom A, Budowle B, Davidson A. DNA methylation-based forensic tissue identification. Forensic Sci Int Genet. 2011 Nov;5(5):517-24. Epub 2010 Dec 31.

Kavlick MF, Lawrence HS, Merritt RT, Fisher C, Isenberg A, Robertson JM, Budowle B. Quantification of human mitochondrial DNA using synthesized DNA standards. J Forensic Sci. 2011 Nov;56(6):1457-63. doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2011.01871.x. Epub 2011 Sep 2.

Ge J, Chakraborty R, Eisenberg A, Budowle B. Comparisons of familial DNA database searching strategies. J Forensic Sci. 2011 Nov;56(6):1448-56. doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2011.01867.x. Epub 2011 Aug 9.

Davis C, Ge J, Chidambaram A, King J, Turnbough M, Collins M, Dym O, Chakraborty R, Eisenberg AJ, Budowle B. Y-STR loci diversity in native Alaskan populations. Int J Legal Med. 2011 Jul;125(4):559-63. Epub 2011 Mar 30.

Ge J, Eisenberg A, Yan J, Chakraborty R, Budowle B. Pedigree likelihood ratio for lineage markers. Int J Legal Med. 2011 Jul;125(4):519-25. Epub 2010 Sep 21.

Budowle B, Ge J, Chakraborty R, Gill-King H. Use of prior odds for missing persons identifications. Investig Genet. 2011 Jun 27;2(1):15.

Núnéz C, Sosa C, Baeta M, Geppert M, Turnbough M, Phillips N, Casalod Y, Bolea M, Roby R, Budowle B, Martínez-Jarreta B. Genetic analysis of 7 medieval skeletons from the Aragonese Pyrenees. Croat Med J. 2011 Jun;52(3):336-43.

Chakraborty R, Ge J, Budowle B. Response to: DNA identification by pedigree likelihood ratio accommodating population substructure and mutations- authors' reply. Investig Genet. 2011 Mar 25;2(1):8. 

Budowle B, Kayser M, Sajantila A. The demise of the United Kingdom's forensic science service (FSS): loss of world-leading engine of innovation and development in the forensic sciences. Investig Genet. 2011 Feb 1;2(1):4. 

Budowle B, van Daal A. Comment on "A universal strategy to interpret DNA profiles that does not require a definition of low copy number" by Peter Gill and John Buckleton, 2010, Forensic Sci. Int. Genetics 4, 221-227. Forensic Sci Int Genet. 2011 Jan;5(1):15. Epub 2010 Jun 8.

Budowle B, Ge J, Chakraborty R, Eisenberg AJ, Green R, Mulero J, Lagace R, Hennessy L. Population genetic analyses of the NGM STR loci. Int J Legal Med. 2011 Jan;125(1):101-9. Epub 2010 Sep 29.

Ge J, Budowle B, Chakraborty R. Choosing relatives for DNA identification of missing persons. J Forensic Sci. 2011 Jan;56 Suppl 1:S23-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2010.01631.x. Epub 2010 Dec 13.

Ge J, Budowle B, Chakraborty R. Comments on "Interpreting Y chromosome STR haplotype mixture". Leg Med (Tokyo). 2011 Jan;13(1):52; author reply 52-3. Epub 2010 Oct 16.

Budowle, B. and van Daal, A.: Reply to Comments by Buckleton and Gill on "Low copy number typing has yet to achieve 'general acceptance'" by Budowle, B., et al, 2009. Forensic Sci. Int. Genetics: Supplement Series 2, 551-552. Forens. Sci. Int. Genetics 5(1):12-14, 2011.

Bos KI, Schuenemann VJ, Golding GB, Burbano HA, Waglechner N, Coombes BK, McPhee JB, DeWitte SN, Meyer M, Schmedes S, Wood J, Earn DJ, Herring DA, Bauer P, Poinar HN, Krause J. A draft genome of Yersinia pestis from victims of the Black Death. Nature. 2011 Oct 12;478(7370):506-10.

Schuenemann VJ, Bos K, DeWitte S, Schmedes S, Jamieson J, Mittnik A, Forrest S, Coombes BK, Wood JW, Earn DJ, White W, Krause J, Poinar HN. Targeted enrichment of ancient pathogens yielding the pPCP1 plasmid of Yersinia pestis from victims of the Black Death. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2011 Sep 20;108(38):E746-52. Epub 2011 Aug 29.

Davis CP, Chelland LA, Pavlova VR, Illescas MJ, Brown KL, Dawson Cruz T. "Traditional Multiplex STR Amplification of Low Template DNA Samples with the Addition of Proofreading Enzymes." Journal of Forensic Sciences. (2011) 56(3):726-32 DOI: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2011.01727.x


2010

Sajantila A, Palo JU, Ojanper? I, Davis C, Budowle B. Pharmacogenetics in medico-legal context. Forensic Sci Int. 2010 Dec 15;203(1-3):44-52.

Nu?ez C, Baeta M, Sosa C, Casalod Y, Ge J, Budowle B, Martínez-Jarreta B. Reconstructing the population history of Nicaragua by means of mtDNA, Y-chromosome STRs, and autosomal STR markers. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2010 Dec;143(4):591-600. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.21355. Epub 2010 Aug 18.

Ge J, Budowle B, Planz JV, Eisenberg AJ, Ballantyne J, Chakraborty R. US forensic Y-chromosome short tandem repeats database. Leg Med (Tokyo). 2010 Nov;12(6):289-95.

Balamurugan K, Kanthimathi S, Vijaya M, Suhasini G, Duncan G, Tracey M, Budowle B. Genetic variation of 15 autosomal microsatellite loci in a Tamil population from Tamil Nadu, Southern India. Leg Med (Tokyo). 2010 Nov;12(6):320-3. Epub 2010 Sep 1.

Ge J, Budowle B, Chakraborty R. DNA identification by pedigree likelihood ratio accommodating population substructure and mutations. Investig Genet. 2010 Oct 4;1(1):8.

Ge J, Budowle B, Planz JV, Chakraborty R. Haplotype block: a new type of forensic DNA markers. Int J Legal Med. 2010 Sep;124(5):353-61. Epub 2009 Dec 22.

Cummings CA, Bormann Chung CA, Fang R, Barker M, Brzoska P, Williamson PC, Beaudry J, Matthews M, Schupp J, Wagner DM, Birdsell D, Vogler AJ, Furtado MR, Keim P, Budowle B. Accurate, rapid and high-throughput detection of strain-specific polymorphisms in Bacillus anthracis and Yersinia pestis by next-generation sequencing. Investig Genet. 2010 Sep 1;1(1):5.

Kayser M, Budowle B, Sajantila A. Welcome to investigative genetics. Investig Genet. 2010 Sep 1;1(1):1.

Polanskey D, Den Hartog BK, Elling JW, Fisher CL, Kepler RB, Budowle B. Comparison of mitotyper rules and phylogenetic-based mtDNA nomenclature systems. J Forensic Sci. 2010 Sep;55(5):1184-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2010.01477.x. Epub 2010 Jul 26.

Budowle B, Polanskey D, Fisher CL, Den Hartog BK, Kepler RB, Elling JW. Automated alignment and nomenclature for consistent treatment of polymorphisms in the human mitochondrial DNA control region. J Forensic Sci. 2010 Sep;55(5):1190-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2010.01478.x. Epub 2010 Jul 26.

Tom BK, Koskinen MT, Dayton M, Mattila AM, Johnston E, Fantin D, Denise S, Spear T, Smith DG, Satkoski J, Budowle B, Kanthaswamy S. Development of a nomenclature system for a canine STR multiplex reagent kit. J Forensic Sci. 2010 May;55(3):597-604. Epub 2010 Mar 25.

Ge J, Budowle B, Chakraborty R. Interpreting Y chromosome STR haplotype mixture. Leg Med (Tokyo). 2010 May;12(3):137-43. Epub 2010 Mar 25.

Nilsson M, Possnert G, Edlund H, Budowle B, Kjellstr?m A, Allen M. Analysis of the putative remains of a European patron saint--St. Birgitta. PLoS One. 2010 Feb 16;5(2):e8986.

Budowle, B.: Low copy number typing still lacks robustness and reliability. Profiles in DNA 13(2), 2010; At: www.promega.com/profiles/1302/1302_02.html.

Budowle, B.: Familial searching: extending the investigative lead potential of DNA typing. Profiles in DNA 13(2), 2010, Available at: www.promega.com/profiles/1302/1302_07.html.

Ni W, Xu J, Huang Y, Liu T, and Ge J. Acronym Extraction using SVM with Uneven Margins. Proceedings of the 2nd IEEE Symposium on Web Society. Beijing, 2010.


2009

Maybruck JL, Hanson E, Ballantyne J, Budowle B, Fuerst PA. A comparative analysis of two different sets of Y-chromosome short tandem repeats (Y-STRs) on a common population panel. Forensic Sci Int Genet. 2009 Dec;4(1):11-20. Epub 2009 May 17.

Schutzer SE, Keim P, Czerwinski K, Budowle B. Use of forensic methods under exigent circumstances without full validation. Sci Transl Med. 2009 Nov 25;1(8):8cm7.

Hall TA, Sannes-Lowery KA, McCurdy LD, Fisher C, Anderson T, Henthorne A, Gioeni L, Budowle B, Hofstadler SA. Base composition profiling of human mitochondrial DNA using polymerase chain reaction and direct automated electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Anal Chem. 2009 Sep 15;81(18):7515-26.

Budowle B, Ge J, Aranda XG, Planz JV, Eisenberg AJ, Chakraborty R. Texas population substructure and its impact on estimating the rarity of Y STR haplotypes from DNA evidence*. J Forensic Sci. 2009 Sep;54(5):1016-21. Epub 2009 Jul 15.

Kanthaswamy S, Tom BK, Mattila AM, Johnston E, Dayton M, Kinaga J, Erickson BJ, Halverson J, Fantin D, DeNise S, Kou A, Malladi V, Satkoski J, Budowle B, Smith DG, Koskinen MT. Canine population data generated from a multiplex STR kit for use in forensic casework. J Forensic Sci. 2009 Jul;54(4):829-40. Epub 2009 May 26.

Dayton M, Koskinen MT, Tom BK, Mattila AM, Johnston E, Halverson J, Fantin D, DeNise S, Budowle B, Smith DG, Kanthaswamy S. Developmental validation of short tandem repeat reagent kit for forensic DNA profiling of canine biological material. Croat Med J. 2009 Jun;50(3):268-85.

Budowle B, Eisenberg AJ, van Daal A. Validity of low copy number typing and applications to forensic science. Croat Med J. 2009 Jun;50(3):207-17. 

Ge J, Budowle B, Aranda XG, Planz JV, Eisenberg AJ, Chakraborty R. Mutation rates at Y chromosome short tandem repeats in Texas populations. Forensic Sci Int Genet. 2009 Jun;3(3):179-84. Epub 2009 Feb 14.

Budowle B, van Daal A. Extracting evidence from forensic DNA analyses: future molecular biology directions. Biotechniques. 2009 Apr;46(5):339-40, 342-50. 

Budowle, B., Eisenberg, A.J., Gonzalez, S., Planz, J.V. Sannes-Lowery, K.A., Hall, T.A., Paulsen, J.E., and Hofstadler, S.A.: Validation of mass spectrometry analysis of mitochondrial DNA. Forens. Sci. Int. Gen. Suppl. Series 2:527-528, 2009.

Cummings, C.A., Bormann Chung, C.A., Fang, R., Barker, M., Brzoska, P.M., Williamson, P., Beaudry, J.A., Matthews, M., Schupp, J.M., Wagner, D.M., Furtado, M.R., Keim, P., and Budowle, B.: Whole-genome typing of Bacillus anthracis isolates by next-generation sequencing accurately and rapidly identifies strain-specific diagnostic polymorphisms. Forens. Sci. Int. Gen. Suppl. Series 2:300-301, 2009.

Budowle, B., Eisenberg, A.J., and van Daal, A.: Low copy number typing has yet to achieve "General Acceptance". Forens. Sci. Int. Gen. Suppl. Series 2:551-552, 2009.

Planz, J.V., Budowle, B., Hall, T., Eisenberg, A.J., Sannes-Lowery, K., and Hofstadler, S.A.: Enhanced resolution and statistical power by using mass spectrometry for detection of SNPs within the short tandem repeats. Forens. Sci. Int. Gen. Suppl. Series 2:529-531, 2009.

Hofstadler, S.A., Hall, T.A., Sannes-Lowery, K.A., Manalili, S., Paulsen, J.E., McCurdy, L.D., Gioeni, L., Penella, T., Eisenberg, A.J., Planz, J.V., and Budowle, B.: Analysis of DNA forensic markers using high throughput mass spectrometry. Forens. Sci. Int. Gen. Suppl. Series 2:524-526, 2009.

Den Hartog, B.K., Elling, J.W., and Budowle, B.: The Impact of Jumping Alignments on mtDNA Population Analysis and Database Searching. Forens. Sci. Int. Gen. Suppl. Series 2:315-316, 2009.

Roby, R.K., Gonzalez, S.D., Phillips, N.R., Planz, J.V., Thomas, J.L., Pantoja Astudillo, J.A., Ge, J., Aguirre Morales, E., Eisenberg, A.J., Chakraborty, R., Bustos, P., and Budowle, B.: Autosomal STR allele frequencies and Y-STR and mtDNA haplotypes in Chilean sample populations Forens. Sci. Int. Gen. Suppl. Series 2:532-533, 2009.


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